Civil engineers solve different problems than structural engineers. Structural engineers know the effect that various conditions can have on a structure, so they can help if a construction fails due to these conditions. A bridge that collapses due to poor design is something that a structural engineer could tackle. As you can see, civil and structural engineering overlap a lot in education, but they can differ in terms of job opportunities and projected career prospects.
At the moment, structural engineers earn a little more money and have more career opportunities projected in the near future. All structural engineers are civil engineers, but the opposite is not the case. Within civil engineering, there are many different specializations, including geotechnical, transportation, construction, structural and more. It is beneficial to have a solid understanding of the differences between civil and structural engineers so that you can assemble the right team of experts to collaborate on your projects.
A structural engineer, while also able to perform the above task, has the additional work of determining whether the concrete, steel, wood and other materials used for the project had adequate strength and strength to make the structure safe. From bridges to culverts to parking lots, structural engineers focus on load design and material elements that allow construction projects of all sizes to take shape. State and local ordinances will specify their requirements, depending on the type, size, use, and location of their structure. Civil engineers and structural engineers earn similar salaries, which often increase over years of experience.
If you are interested in becoming a structural engineer, you may want to take the civil physical education exam instead of other disciplines, especially if mathematics isn't your best subject. According to research, it seems that the best career path after college would involve taking the FE Civil Exam, then the Physical Education Exam with a deep focus on Civil or Structural based on your ultimate professional goal. California may require a structural engineer for a given project, but for any other state, a civil engineer may suffice. A civil engineer will be all you need for project designs and plans such as traffic control, hydrology studies, erosion control and subdivision, and for peer review, this would depend on what is needed and may need a civil or structural engineer.
However, there is no specific exam for structural engineers, so they may want to choose other FE disciplines. Once you've completed the long list of educational requirements outlined above, you're ready to start working as a civil or structural engineer. A river that floods a bridge due to an inadequate study of seasonal change and flood levels is a problem for civil engineers. You will need the services of a structural engineer for existing structures that involve the removal of load-bearing walls and structural assessments on the site.
Another difference between the two engineering courses is that civil engineering is offered as the first degree, while structural engineering is offered as the second or third degree in engineering. Civil Engineering is a four-year bachelor's degree program offered by most colleges and universities and covers all or most of the areas of expertise listed above (depending on the college or university).