Along with specifications and quantity lists or work schedules, they are part of the “production information” that designers prepare and transmit to the construction team to allow the construction of a project. Design drawings are used to develop and communicate ideas about a design under development. In the early stages, they could simply demonstrate to the customer the ability of a particular design team to carry out the design. Then, they can be used to develop and communicate the summary, research possible sites and evaluate the options, develop the approved idea in a coherent and coordinated design, etc.
Detail drawings provide a detailed description of the geometric shape of a part of an object, such as a building, a bridge, a tunnel, a machine, a plant, etc. These are usually large scale drawings that show in detail parts that can be included in less detail in general layout drawings. Floor plans are a form of orthographic projection that can be used to show the layout of rooms inside buildings, seen from above. They can be prepared as part of the design process or to provide construction instructions, often associated with other drawings, schedules and specifications.
CAD drawings are mainly used for large, complex structures with many custom functions. As noted, there are many different types of construction plans. For example, there are technical drawings, engineering plans, workshop plans and plans as they are built. A construction project does not have a single drawing, but, in general, many to show all aspects of what is going to be built.
Here are eight common types of architectural drawings. The conceptual drawing is prepared by an architect based on the client's summary for the initial discussion. It indicates a basic design with approximate room sizes, with a 26% setback in the circulation area. The customer is free to give suggestions and can request the change.
The architect makes the necessary changes to this type of architectural drawing based on additional suggestions from the client and obtains the client's approval. Only after customer approval do architects move on to the next stage of drawing architectural details. After the approval of the conceptual drawing, the architect prepares the preliminary drawings. The preliminary type of architectural drawing includes plans, elevations, sometimes and sections with exact room sizes, wall thickness & opening positions.
At this stage, the customer gets an idea of what their building will look like. & can give your suggestions. The set of these types of architectural drawings will also include a furniture design to give an idea of how the furniture will be placed in each room or space. These drawings will also give an idea of the parking area, the garden area, the play area &, another development of the site.
The architect can also offer a perspective or a tour (at an additional cost) to give the client an idea of the three-dimensional view. The plans of the sanction include the site design, the floor plans, the elevations, the 26% section, etc. In addition to these, mention should be made of the details of the owner, the details of the site with the adjacent properties, the survey numbers and the details of the architect with the registration number of the architectural council (COA), this type of architectural drawings. Here, learn about when you need to request permission & when you're not in it.
The tender drawings provide information about the project to the contractor so that he can fully understand it. List of quantities and specifications for the tenders prepared on the basis of these architectural plans. They are also informative for the consultant to prepare his final drawings. These drawings include the exact dimensions, the thickness of the wall, the position and size of the column beam, the height of the building, the levels, the opening schedule, and the specifications.
The work plans are an expansion of the tender drawings that provide detailed technical information about the project. These types of architectural drawings are published on the construction site for execution purposes with additional details of the cardinal address, scale, date of issue, job number and customer name with the revisions of & of the key plan. The consultants' drawings are prepared by the consultants and approved by an architect. These drawings include plumbing plans, H, V, A, C.
Design, landscape design & electrical design. Primary elements (walls, frames, etc.) Secondary elements (doors, internal walls, information about windows, etc., suspended ceilings) In the planning stages we can only show the walls as simple thick lines or lines filled with shading, but in later stages of the design, we will show the walls with a hatch, which indicates the material used in the construction. The walls are drawn with thick lines so that the spaces stand out clearly, the built-in furniture and other objects are drawn with medium lines, showing a level of hierarchy. In some cases, furniture can be drawn in light gray (if CAD is used), suggesting the arrangement of furniture without detracting from the construction information in the drawing.
The dimensions between the walls can come from the structural frame (i.e. excluding finishes) or from the finished surface. The structural option gives the builder the exact location of struts, pillars, beams, etc. Make sure that the sizing option used appears in the drawing notes.
Center lines are also used for dimensions. In general, the sizing of a building will require two or three lines of continuous dimensions to locate the exterior walls, interior walls, windows, doors and other elements. When placing the dimensions on the outside of the building, the outermost dimension will give the overall dimension of the building. The next line, which goes into the interior of the plan, will indicate the location of the walls and the doors and windows.
If necessary, a third dimension line can show other details. As it implies, perspective in architectural drawing is the representation of three-dimensional elements of a building, or any structure, on a two-dimensional flat surface. Architectural drawings have many purposes, from understanding space in depth to convincing clients of the viability of the project. The section drawings graphically present the things that are going to be built in the structure and ensure that the layers of the building are in order with the elevation plane.
Perspective in architectural drawing is a very important concept to understand for anyone involved in the design and construction of structures. Architects use two vanishing points more frequently than perspective drawings, with one vanishing point to draw the outside of structures. Technical drawings are intended to convey a specific meaning, unlike artistic drawings, which are expressive and can be interpreted in a variety of ways. Detailed architectural drawings are usually a combination of small drawings of cross sections and close views of a small part of the building.
The drawings as constructed are those that were made during the construction process; they reflect the changes made during that stage and record the differences between the original design and the finished structure. Architectural drawings are made according to a set of conventions, including particular views (floor plan, section, etc.). Location plans, or general layout plans, as some call them, include drawings on floor plans, sections, and elevations. They also provide plans and schedules of the building's strength in relation to structural elements, such as beams, columns, stairs and main slabs, all connected.
Architectural drawings are still sometimes referred to as flat prints, after one of the first processes that produced a white line on blue paper. Let's see how to make architectural drawings for a residential house with Cedreo, a powerful and easy-to-use home design software. An engineering drawing is a type of technical drawing that is used to define the requirements of engineering products or components. Architectural drawings are important because they explain what needs to be done in a construction project.